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This study reports on 177 supportive housing residents around Illinois, comparing their use of publicly-funded services two years before entering supportive housing to two years after entry. Data were collected from Medicaid-reimbursed services, state mental health hospitals, substance use treatment, state prisons, and various county jails and hospitals. The study found an overall cost savings of over $850,000 in the two years after entry into supportive housing, a little over $2,400 per person annually. There was a drastic reduction in state prison, county jail, and state mental health hospital overnight stays. There was a shift from using expensive inpatient services before housing (nursing homes, inpatient care, state mental health hospitals) to less expensive outpatient services after entry into housing (outpatient medical and psychiatric care, case management). Supportive Housing in Illinois: A Wise Investment was researched and written by the Heartland Alliance Mid-America Institute on Poverty with support from the Illinois Supportive Housing Providers Association and the Corporation for Supportive Housing.
Study of Supportive Housing in Illinois: Interim Report on Publicly-Funded Service Usage by Residents Prior to Entry into Supportive HousingAugust 1, 2008
This study was launched to document and analyze supportive housing residents' use of public services prior to entering housing and afterwards, in order to determine the cost savings of supportive housing to other systems. The hypothesis of the study is that supportive housing reduces a person's usage of expensive, primarily public-funded services.The study tracks individuals' amount of service usage for 2 years before they entered supportive housing, comparing it to their usage of services 2 years after, as well as the change in types of services utilized over time. The study included supportive housing residents across Illinois living in developments that had been in operation for at least one year, and that served individuals who are homeless or at risk of homelessness, and individuals who have a mental illness and/or who are formerly incarcerated.
In particular, the study focuses on the change in service use and the cost of services used by Illinois supportive housing residents 2 years before entering supportive housing and 2 years after. This study will inform policymakers, funders, and others about the importance and cost effectiveness of supportive housing in Illinois.
This snapshot report paints the picture of supportive housing in this state, including how much there is, where it is located, whom it serves, how it helps chronically homeless and other at-risk populations become stably housed, and how close it comes to answering the need for supportive housing in Illinois.