CF Insights asks a very simple but important question: "What if each community foundation could know what all community foundations collectively know?" This collection features research produced and funded by community foundations, and other resources relevant to the field. Contact us at cfinsights@candid.org and visit us at cfinsights.candid.org.

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The World is Home: A Case Study of the Silicon Valley Community Foundation

January 1, 2017

Silicon Valley Community Foundation – together with pfc Social Impact Advisors – has published a case study to commemorate SVCF's first 10 years. During this period, SVCF made more than $4.3 billion in grants and significantly expanded its charitable reach.The new report provides details about how Silicon Valley Community Foundation was formed in 2007 from the merger of Peninsula Community Foundation and Community Foundation Silicon Valley, and how it has grown to become the largest funder of Bay Area charities and the largest community foundation in the world.Following the historic merger of the two parent foundations, Silicon Valley Community Foundation began seeking public input on how it could best approach the challenges faced by the residents of Santa Clara and San Mateo counties. SVCF's discretionary grantmaking focus areas were announced in 2008, supporting local education, economic security, immigration and regional planning that improves transportation and housing systems. In addition to these vital issues, SVCF's family of more than 2,000 donors have used their charitable funds at SVCF to support thousands of local, national and international charities across a wide range of interests, as the case study attests.

Immigration Impact Report: Advancing Innovative Philanthropic Solutions to Our Region's Most Challenging Problems

December 1, 2016

More than one third of the 2.5 million residents of San Mateo and Santa Clara counties are immigrants, and almost two thirds of those younger than 18 are children of immigrants. Immigrant entrepreneurs have contributed considerably to innovation and job creation in Silicon Valley, and nearly half of its workforce is foreign-born. However, more than twice as many immigrant and refugee families in Silicon Valley are living in poverty (7.8 percent) as compared to the general population (3.8 percent). These immigrants are not only challenged by the high cost of living in Silicon Valley but also by language, educational and legal barriers that make it difficult for them to access economic opportunities and participate fully in society. The Silicon Valley Community Foundation's impact evaluation report assesses its immigration strategy, and details its strategic investments in programs that strengthen the legal services infrastructure to ensure the provision of affordable and reliable legal services for immigrants; Vocational English and English as a Second Language courses to ensure greater economic advancement by immigrants; and encouraged coordination and best practices among community colleges, adult education schools, and community-based organizations.

Human Trafficking in Silcon Valley

October 3, 2014

Human trafficking has become one of the most lucrative criminal enterprises around the world. The magnitude of this crime is also significant at the local level, with California ranking as one of the nation's top four destination states for trafficked individuals. This report is a commissioned study of human trafficking in Silicon Valley. The findings presented in this report are intended to spark conversation, identify opportunities for cross-sector collaboration and further study, while also presenting a focused set of recommendations geared toward addressing this evolving problem. The study draws heavily on data gathered from community-based organizations located in Santa Clara and San Mateo counties. A survey was completed by case managers at 11 of these organizations to capture information from case files on 232 trafficking victims who were served between 2011 and 2013. In-depth interviews were also conducted with 21 case managers at these same organizations. Key findings:More than 50 percent of victims were born in the U.S.Most of the victims in this study were femaleWhile commercial sexual exploitation was the most common form of trafficking, forced labor also was evident.Incidents of exploitation occurred to the same victum at multiple locatoinsVictims often turn to community-based organizations when they seek help

What's at Stake for the State: Undocumented Californians, Immigration Reform, and Our Future Together

May 9, 2013

Building off a methodology originally pioneered by co-author Enrico A.Marcelli (Demographer, Department ofSociology, San Diego State University) to estimate the unauthorized, this is the first report to estimate undocumented Californians at this breadth and level of detail. One in six California children has at least one undocumented parent and 81% of those children are citizens. Nearly half (49%) of undocumented Californians have lived here more than 10 years. Undocumented Californians comprise nearly 7% of the state's total population, 8% of all adults and 9% of the state's workforce.However, achievement of these gains will require a clear and quick roadmap to citizenship. To succeed, federal immigration reform needs to take immigrant integration seriously, and the state and local governments will need to invest in programs to raise education levels, increase English fluency and improve job skills as a way to maximize the potential of undocumented Californians and build a stronger state.

Held Back: Addressing Misplacement of 9th Grade Students in Bay Area School Math Classes

January 1, 2013

While districts regularly make placement decisions regarding all core subjects (math, English, science, social studies), one area is most significant: math. Most universities (including California State and University of California) require at least three years of math for college eligibility, and they prefer students who have taken highlevel math courses such as Calculus or AP Statistics. However, such high-level math courses are generally only available to students who begin high school in Geometry. Ninth grade math placement can therefore not only have far-reaching impacts on a student's confidence, general knowledge of mathematical concepts, and high school experience -- more importantly, it can impact the college and life opportunities available to that student. This report is intended to call attention to the math misplacement issue; to educate districts, community members, and parents about the potential liability associated with such placement decisions; and to encourage districts to take relatively simple steps to remedy the problem of math misplacement. Part I of this report explores the problem of math misplacement in greater detail and reviews the publicly available data regarding 9th graders' math class placement in school districts in San Mateo and Santa Clara counties. Part II explains the disparate impact doctrine and demonstrates why a district that engages in math misplacement, even if unintentionally, puts itself at legal risk. Part III explores other possible bases of legal liability. Finally, Part IV presents practical solutions to the problem of math misplacement and provides recommendations for school districts, community advocates, and lawyers to follow to remedy this critical civil rights issue.

On the Shoulders of Generations: Philanthropy in the Indian American Community of Silicon Valley

February 23, 2012

Based on interviews, examines traditions, trends, and values in philanthropy among immigrants from India in Silicon Valley, including the shift from personal and private charity to institutionalized giving among the Indian Diaspora.

Unauthorized Immigrants in California: Estimates for Counties

July 15, 2011

Estimates changes in unauthorized immigrant populations between 2001 and 2008 by county and zip code, including percentage of total population. Discusses the challenges of obtaining accurate counts and implications for policy.

Index of Silicon Valley 2011

February 14, 2011

Presents data on the area's demographic, economic, societal, environmental, and political trends, including signs of economic recovery; ability to attract talent; and health, energy conservation, and development. Analyzes the crisis in local government.

Time to Act: Closing the Racial Achievement Gap

August 31, 2010

Recommends teacher training in culturally relevant and responsive instruction, retention of qualified teachers at high-need schools, consistent criteria for math placement, and making college requirements the default curriculum students must opt out of.

Ripple Effect: The Economic Impact of Microlending

May 31, 2010

Examines the direct, indirect, and induced economic effects of the Opportunity Fund's microfinance lending on the Bay Area in terms of economic activity, employee earnings, employment, and tax revenue. Offers data by industry, county, and race/ethnicity.

2010 Corporate Citizenship Report

May 6, 2010

Presents survey findings on Silicon Valley corporations' charitable giving and corporate citizenship programs, including their roles in corporate strategy, focus areas, and employee involvement. Analyzes factors behind increased focus on sustainability.

Charting a Clear Course: 2009 Year in Review

March 10, 2010

Contains message from the board chair and the president; 2009 highlights; information on programs and strategies, with sample grants; donor profiles; and lists of board members.