CF Insights asks a very simple but important question: "What if each community foundation could know what all community foundations collectively know?" This collection features research produced and funded by community foundations, and other resources relevant to the field. Contact us at cfinsights@candid.org and visit us at cfinsights.candid.org.

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Supporting and Enhancing the Lives of Our Aging Population: Evaluation of Our Aging Society Program 2011-2013

October 1, 2015

The San Diego Foundation contracted with Harder+Company in 2013 to perform an evaluation of the Our Aging Society program 2011 – 2013. This evaluation analyzes programmatic final reports from grantees (organizations) for the 2011 and 2012 program years, along with a survey conducted in 2013 by Harder+Company with program participants (seniors participating in these programs). The following themes emerged.Increased social connections. Many older adults have difficulty developing and maintaining connections due to lack of social opportunities and decreased mobility. Participants reported that this program helped them meet with more friends and family members, and that they more frequently participated in social activities during and after participating in the Our Aging Society program.Decreased isolation. Our Aging Society participants reported feeling less isolated, left out, or lacking companionship after they participated in the program.Improved physical and mental health. Retrospectively, participants generally self-reported improved physical health after Our Aging Society program participation. They also reported fewer incidents of negative mental health symptoms such as loss of appetite, restless sleep and the inability to get going.

A Portrait of Our Aging Population in Northern Virginia

January 14, 2014

The older population of northern Virginia, those age 65 or more, is more economically stable, better educated and more diverse than the older population in the united states and virginia. Currently the region's population is also younger and healthier, skewed toward the younger end -- those 65 to 74 years of age. but in northern Virginia, as in the rest of the nation, a significant population shift is occurring. The portion of the population 65 years of age and older will increase steadily over the next two decades. This change, coupled with increased longevity will result in significant growth in older populations nationally, statewide and locally. The research for this report was commissioned by the Community Foundation and performed by Dean Montgomery of the Health Systems Agency of northern Virginia. it examines the implications of population aging in northern virginia. it focuses on recent and projected growth of the region's older population, those who are 65 years of age and older. demographic, economic, social and health data and indices are examined to develop a profile of the region's elderly and to identify the circumstances and conditions that affect their well-being.

Caring for Our Kupuna: Building an Aging in Place Movement in Hawaii

October 28, 2013

Government funding for elder care in the United States is becoming increasingly strained as the number of seniors and the cost of healthcare rise. Medicare paid $560 billion for hospital visits, prescription drugs, and other services in 2010 and expects to pay out just over $1 trillion by 2022. Medicaid, which covers long-term care for individuals with low income and assets, is the source of payment for 70% of nursing home stays across the country and paid $48.2 billion for senior residential care in 2007.As the costs of Medicare and Medicaid soar, practitioners in Hawaii and around the country have experimented with preventive and supportive aging-in-place services that reduce the cost of service while improving the lives of seniors. Rather than rushing an elder to the emergency room after a dangerous fall in the bathroom, providers have begun installing hand and safety rails in the home to prevent falls. Other providers are offering preventive health and nutrition classes that help seniors maintain their health and delay the need for long-term residential care. By focusing on preventive services rather than treating only advanced health needs, aging-in-place service providers are helping seniors maintain independence at home, avoid nursing home admission, reduce hospitalization, and minimize social isolation. Studies show that those who choose to age at home have better health outcomes while incurring significantly lower health costs than those who age in nursing homes. In addition to saving financial resources, aging in place is popular among seniors: a full 90% of American seniors share the desire to remain in their homes as they age.The value of aging in place is particularly relevant in Hawaii, which has the highest life expectancy of any state and the second highest cost of living in the country. By 2030, Hawaii expects to have an older population of 475,000 individuals, representing 29.7% of the population and a 310% increase during the 55-year period from 1980-2035. As the number of seniors aging in Hawaii rapidly increases, the state faces limited capacity in its residential care homes. With only 4,200 beds in nursing homes and 7,000 spaces in residential facilities in 2010, Hawaii's current facilities would be able to serve only 30% of the 38,000 older adults projected to need long-term care in 2035.6Increasing the portion of seniors aging in place could increase the happiness of Hawaii's seniors ("kupuna") and save significant resources for society. However, a continuum of wrap-around services must be available to seniors if they are to age in place effectively. Aging-in-place services must be available to transport elders, support needs in the home (safety, cleaning, cooking, etc.), connect elders with a community, provide respite for caregivers, and monitor and address health/nursing needs. Without this comprehensive support, elders living alone are not empowered to age with dignity and are more likely to become ill or incur injuries.

Mission Possible: Improving the Lives of All Older Adults in Marin

January 1, 2013

In 2012, Marin County's Division of Aging and Adult Services conducted a needs assessment that provided a detailed account of the demographics, economic security, health, housing, status of caregiving, and quality of life for the county's older adult population. This report also revealed that people's own assessment of their health was less positive among Hispanic/Latino and African American older adults compared to their white counterparts. The survey findings were supplemented by conducting community forums among specific groups (i.e., AfricanAmerican, Latino/Hispanic, family caregivers, low-income persons, and residents in rural areas) to gain insight into service needs and service barriers.These findings reinforce the results of a 2008 assessment in which nearly half of the Marin service agencies surveyed identified inadequacy in the cultural competence of their services. Ninety-one percent indicated that the lack of services for low-income older adults was a moderate to widespread problem. These challenges were also echoed in focus groups conducted with Spanish-speaking and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults.While prior efforts have improved understanding of the needs of Marin's older adults, there remains a gap in knowledge of the availability and status of culturally competent services among Marin's service providers. This effort sought to address this gap and identify organizational strategies that would improve the ability of agencies to provide high quality services to a diverse population of older adults in Marin County.

Human Relations Report

November 1, 2009

Any assessment of the state of human relations in the Chicago region needs to be multidimensional. At its most basic, such an assessment involves the quality of relationships, or relations, among individuals. Relations may manifest themselves in families, among friends, within neighborhoods, or in work, religious, educational, recreational or other social settings. There are no widely accepted measures of the quality of human relations, in part because different commentators view the subject differently. Quality human relations may have several outcomes: for people to be satisfied or experience a good quality of life; for people to be supportive and helpful to one another; or for people to treat one another fairly and equally.In some social settings, individuals with common characteristics share a common fate or have similar life experiences and opportunities. Other social settings are marked more by differences among groups than commonalities. Such differences can be readily observed in the cases of different racial, ethnic, age or language groups; among persons sharing a gender or sexual orientation; or among the disabled. These social groupings seem to have the most impact on people's condition and identity.

Half a Million Older Californians Living Alone Unable to Make Ends Meet

February 24, 2009

Presents findings on the economic security of Californians age 65 and older, using the 2007 Elder Index, with a focus on those living alone. Analyzes data by race/ethnicity, gender, age, and county and compares income levels with the federal poverty line.

The Elder Economic Security Standard(TM) Index for California, 2007: County Amounts, Comparisons and Components

February 1, 2008

Provides county-by-county data on how much income retirees need to make ends meet, how it compares with the Federal Poverty Line, and by how much the maximum Supplemental Security Income payment and average Social Security payment each fall short.

Boomers Leading Change

June 28, 2007

Presents findings from a mixed-method assessment of Denver area Baby Boomers' interests, needs, and opportunities to remain engaged in community life. Analyzes data by gender, race/ethnicity, income level, and other factors, and proposes new initiatives.

Accessing TANF Assistance: A Survey of Low-Income Young Mothers in Chicago

April 1, 2002

In 2000-2001, the Center for Impact Research (CIR), in collaboration with other concerned organizations, set out to obtain more information from young mothers about their experiences with TANF (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families) receipt in order to determine if changes in the TANF application process for teens are needed, and whether the Illinois Department of Human Services (IDHS) is effectively engaging teens in the TANF system. Working with community-based organizations, CIR trained young mothers to locate and survey other young mothers in low-income communities. A total of 601 young mothers, ages 13-21, were interviewed. Summary of Findings: CIR found that many young mothers were told they were ineligible for TANF and left TANF offices without having filled out applications; that those who had applied and were not receiving TANF were in need of education and employment; and that the older respondents -- who no longer qualified for the in-depth case management -- were experiencing more hardship than younger respondents.